Selasa, 26 Mei 2009

About Japanese Animation

Anime is a given by some countries to show a Japanese animation as paper. But in Japan itself throughout the paper will be referred to as animated anime, irrespective of whether it came from Japan or other countries. Thus, the animated film from Walt Disney though, still holds a degree in Japanese anime.

Anime can be classified in the popular culture (in Japan) or on sub-culture (in the United States). In the United States, animation is still seen as a minor art, which is intended only for children. While in Japan, as a popular culture, anime has been seen as the intellectual works of art that challenges. Anime also built
based on the cultural traditions of the previous high, which is influenced by traditional Japanese art of tradition and artistic world of Cinema and photography in the 20th century this. This anime is also conducted exploration on the issues of the complex. This means that anime
capable and able to entertain on the basic levels, and provoke at the other. Anime also provides enlightenment to contemporary issues, which is able to reach the wider audience.

This can be seen as a serious cultural phenomenon, refers to the statement that the anime to be able to integrated in the Western pop culture, but still attract attention because it remains different from the West that is known mainstream. The difference here is generally associated with the animation when the United States, where Japanese animation often play with the themes that are usually found on the film-live action film.

In Japan, anime is a mainstream, from the pure pop culture phenomenon, which reach from children to adults. Japan itself is a country that is traditionally more than piktosentris from Western culture, which is shown with the use of characters and ideogram, anime and manga, and easily fit in contemporary visual culture.

Important points in the anime:

1. It is a work of art in contemporary Japan is rich and interesting, with a specific aesthetic and visual narrative, rooted in the traditional Japanese culture and art to reach the media and events.
2. With variations and subject material, anime is a mirror that is useful in contemporary Japanese society.
3. Anime is a global phenomenon, both as a commercial and cultural force.
4. Bring enlightenment on the issue on the broader relationship between the local and global culture. As for an action against the hegemony of globalization. Anime still have to root-Japan-annya, but he was also able to affect more areas outside the original area.
5. Has a unique visual style, as shown in the anime 1970s that have tracking shots, the image is for the development of a long shot, panning the 'excessive', the camera angles that are not normal and the extreme close up.
6. As a work of narrative art, a medium with elements of the visual characteristic, combined with a mix of the generic structure, thematic, and philosophical world to produce a unique aesthetic.

Note about the "importance for the different": Arjun Appadurai's opinion that the concept of culture is the most valuable concept of the difference.

In anime are not only narrative elements, but also narrative style, pacing, drawing, humor and emotional depth and a more psychological, as well as the way the story is complex.

Development of Anime

Growing anime industry has a close relationship with the decline in Japan's film industry. Animation industry started in the year 1915 with the animated works of art as a form of commercial after the post-war era and have a peak of achievement in the tv serial eruption of Ozamu Astro Boy Tezuka in 1963. Astro Boy the way the story is interesting graphic design combined with the minimal but effective main reason for success is quite fast.

Although the anime also has influence from the United States, it has lead to a different way: the orientation in the adult and the story of a complex structure as a whole. Anime TV series shape (as closely related to the development of manga that has a long episode) form the serial stories. Development into anime for Original Animation Video (OAV) and the form of a film to the big screen around the 1970s to bring Japan to outside influences.

Entering the 1990s, many pop-anime anime that are intellectually interesting, such as through the tv serial which is considered provocative: Neon Genesis Evangelion paper Hideaki Anno, and also works Mononoke Hime Hayao Miyazaki, to make known the anime.

The chronological, anime pengkarakteran evolved from a black and white stories of adventure theme Love, courage, and philosophy has become a complex, opened the way to the artistic and commercial potential.

Historic Culture in Anime

Cultural reasons behind the success and popularity of anime is very complex. One is the culture of anime manga 20th century. Manga has a larger influence on Japanese society than that which reached his brother in the United States, because the manga has a variety of broader themes. These variations cause the manga is able to provide easier access to the community. As expressed by academics Frederik L. Schodt (Manga Manga book author and the World of Japanese Comics and Dreamland Japan: Writings on Modern Manga) that, "Japan is the first country in the world in which comics can be an expression of the actual media."

Therefore, it is important to understand the relationship between manga anime world with a rich and interesting. And the most visible is on the visual style. Many similarities in both image media. As expressed by academics that Rafaelli Luca animated cut in the typical anime that relies on imagination penontonnya for menggerak story animasinya, no doubt derived from the form of
a unique visual narrative of the manga, which is very different from the comics who prefer the West dialogue.

Bound between the other manga and anime anime is usually made based on the stories that appear first in the form of manga, although the approach will result in a different format and, given the differences in media used and the people involved. Printed edition allows you to use a lot of space for eruption characters other supporters, and a more complex story, while the Cinema / film uses pacing, music, san visual performance to bring the audience a visual experience indeed.

Although it has some differences, both anime and manga share the same historical factors in a visual culture where the opportunity is given to a wider than what the West. Manga rooted in the Edo period (1600-1868) in the format or Kibyoshi book illustration and Ukiyo-e prints, or the results of the wood. Appears to be safe when it is said about the Japanese cultural tradition of the image is an influence
real universalisnya of manga and anime.

Anime Identity and Global Culture

Statement observer Susan Pointon film about a constant mix of anime and Japanese popular culture is an important thing. Anime is now no longer pure Japanese, but also influenced by Western culture. Anime but still interesting because it has a 'difference' itself.

Gynecology anime culture is very specific, with the theme, and icons that issue stems from the historical setting and the day-to-day activities. If not, the narrative in the anime show problematika's natural identity of the nation Japan: Japanese-made but not pro-Japanese setting.

Anime (and manga) often use the characters non-Japanese as people who look West, with the appearance of blonde, but still classified as anime style. As disclosed Mamoru Oshi (director of Ghost in the Shell, Patlabor The Movie) anime that is' another world '. He is different from the reality of Japan today, but more mertujuk the world to the other (isekai).

Which may be the most fundamental of the popularity of anime in Japan is not only due to limited economic and aesthetic traditions, but also from the flexibility, creativity and freedom of the media itself, as a method of resistance to Japan kemapanan community at this time.

Anime and Japanese Cultural Identity

Anime has been affected despite the extraordinary from the global culture, he is still classified as an original product from a variety of conditions and the relationship that has created the modern Japanese culture. Japanese society itself is still a unique look, as the only modern countries in Asia, as seen from the point of view of the West. And long history of Japan itself is also terekspresikan in range mode, and penggambarannya theme in anime.

Themes Apokoliptik
Be the atom bomb in the city of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and a bad dream and then follow it to give way for the occurrence of the themes apokoliptik this. End of the world (come) into one of the key elements in the print and visual culture in the era of post-war Japan. In themes such as this, even though the anime has some of the positive matrix of hope and regeneration, most anime other
move on the theme a more dark, focused attention on the destruction of society and even the planet itself.

Not only the atomic bomb tragedy and the daunting conditions that lead to follow on this theme. There are several other factors, whether the specific cultural or specific to the 20th century contributed to the birth of the dark themes in anime. These include increasing aspects keterasingan on urban society in the era of industrialization, the difference between the light generation and increased tension between gender. Also problematika that the Japanese economy in 1989 that makes bergesernya values and goals of the community was built by Japan's post-war earlier.

Despite this shift in values is felt in the young generation, as in the culture that leads the fashion and kawaii shojo (imut), confusion remains over the society, to the record breaking number suicide layer on the entire generation. Can be said that the themes reflect apokoliptik akan pesisme social expression of the community.

Themes Matsuri or Festival
Matsuri, or festival, is the integral element in the social life and religious people of Japan, as the "realism and game rituals." Limitation of the place and time of the festival allows the emergence of controlled chaos, where people can not be normal, a life free from the reasonable and daily.

In anime, this theme can be seen in the wild humor, humor, eksegerasi excessive, the game, the expression-expression and also the theme of sexual violence. Japanese society is able to express this spirit, and transforming into the form of anime. Given the anime is a place that allows experimentation, transformation, and especially as a gateway to enter the world a more radical compared to the other world, such as the live action world Cinema.

Theme of elegy
The word itself literally elegy to the death of poetry written in the style of 'reluctantly' and can be applied more widely, to show mourning mood and melankolis, may be mixed with Nostalgia. Mood also plays an important role in the cultural expression of people of Japan. Elegy also have relationships with tradition lyrics lyrics-long Japanese culture in the pre-and modernization in the past often associated with the natural world, and seasonal changes. Expression
Japan showed the classic grief, mono no aware, often associated with natural objects such as cherry mekarnya and water views.

In the anime, theme elegy exist many variations on the genre, and although the theme may not be too elegy in central anime other than the second mode, he still has, in the most enriched element comics and anime at this time.

Is important to remember the anime as a popular culture that has a broad reach. Anime follow in all aspects of society and culture as a material, not only the most contemporary trends and the latest, but also the level of terdalam history, religion, philosophy and politics. Anime can be very creative, the intellectual challenge and be as estetikanya terms.

It is also important to understand that no one in the anime style. The difference is that it is not simply a distinction between Japan's and not Japan. Anime adopt a difference, and through, creating a new form of artistic and still receive information by diperkaya model representation, which are both traditional culture and also representation from the universal property of the human imagination.

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